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2014-10-28 NEWS Plus Special English
   2014-10-30 14:58:40    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Han




This is NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Yun Feng in Beijing. Here is the news.
Health care workers should be completely covered with no skin exposed, while caring for Ebola patients, that's according to revised guidelines issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The government agency tightened its guidance after two Dallas nurses became infected with the virus while caring for an Ebola patient.
The new guidelines require health care workers to use face shield, gown or coverall, boot cover and double gloves. They should also wear hood to completely cover the head and neck. They also should put on waterproof apron if patient is vomiting or has diarrhea.
Other highlights of the revised guidelines include a designate area for putting on and taking off gear, trained monitor to supervise the putting on and removal of gear, and disinfectant wipes on contaminated gear before removing. Health care workers should also conduct repeated training for using protective gear.
In a related development, University of Minnesota officials in the U.S. are knocking down a tweet claiming its researchers say Ebola is airborne. A University spokesperson said that the university never made such a claim.
In fact, the tweet refers to a commentary posted a month ago on a university website that was written by Chicago-based researchers who were debating Ebola's "potential to be transmitted" to health workers by virus particles in the air, and thus what protective gear they should wear.
World health authorities have made clear that Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with bodily fluids, and that blood, vomit and human waste carry the most viruses.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
Some 100 million people were affected by natural disasters worldwide last year.
According to the new World Disasters Report, 340 natural disasters were reported across the world last year, the lowest number of disasters this decade.
Among those affected, over 80 percent live in Asia.
Deaths caused by natural disasters last year amounted to 22,500, which was greatly below the 98,000 average for the decade.
Flood remained the most frequent natural hazards, followed by storm, each accounted for more than 40 percent of deaths.
The report specified that two deadliest natural disasters last year were Typhoon Haiyan which hit the Philippines in November and a flood caused by monsoon rain in India in June last year. The two have claimed 8,000 and 6,000 lives respectively.
Worldwide, natural disasters cost almost 120 billion dollars last year.
The report says disaster risk reduction approaches must recognize why people are living with risks, for example living in places exposed to serious hazards including earthquakes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions, and how their behavior and attitudes related to culture affect their exposure and sensitivity to hazards.
You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Yun Feng in Beijing.
An international team of scientists are drilling a 1.3-kilometer-deep hole into the Alpine Fault in New Zealand's South Island; and they are already gaining valuable insights into the Earth's crust less than a quarter of the way down.
The New Zealand-led team had drilled 240 meters, which was already the deepest borehole ever attempted in the fault.
The team has discovered that temperatures increase quite rapidly with depth, which tells a lot about how fluids circulate and warm up.
These measurements are important scientific findings in their own right, and they allow scientists to predict what they will encounter as they drill deeper.
The borehole will provide the scientific data required to improve understanding of the largest seismic hazard in the South Island.
It's also important to the international scientific community in terms of understanding how large faults work mechanically.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
Last month was the hottest September since record keeping began in 1880, that's according to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
The average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces combined for the month was at 15.7 degrees Celsius, 0.7 degrees above the 20th century average.
With the exception of February, every month to date this year has been among the four warmest on record.
It also marked the 38th consecutive September with a global temperature above the 20th century average. The last below-average global temperature for September occurred in 1976.
Warmer-than-average temperatures were evident over most of the global land surface.
So far this year, the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces tied with 1998 as the warmest such period on record.
If 2014 maintains this temperature departure from average for the remainder of the year, it will be the warmest year on record.
You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Yun Feng in Beijing.
Scientists say that seabed mining in areas around New Zealand's volcanic exclusive economic zone could destroy unique underwater ecosystems and have profound effects on sea life.
Scientists from New Zealand warned that active geological conditions have made parts of the zone of great interest for mining of seabed minerals.
The area covers a total of almost 6 million square kilometers and contains metals such as gold, copper, silver, zinc and rare earth elements.
Associated with the deposits were well-developed and often unique biological communities that are easily destroyed by mining. Mining activity damages the "vent sites", and the loss of any individual site may have profound consequence on marine life.
Initial assessments of global mineral wealth from the seafloor put the value of these resources well into trillions of dollars. Increasing world demand for minerals and technological advances have combined to make deep-sea mineral extraction a possibility.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
You're listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Yun Feng in Beijing. You can access our program by logging onto NEWSPlusRadio.cn. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. If you have any comments or suggestions, please let us know by e-mailing us at mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. That's mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. Now the news continues.
Scholars in the United Arab Emirates say the Confucius Institute at the University Of Dubai has made substantial contribution to the cultural exchange between China and the UAE.
Eesa M. Bastaki, president of the University of Dubai, told Chinese journalists that the University of Dubai provides courses on Chinese language and culture, and it fits into UAE's strategy of making the Gulf Arab state and Dubai a global hub that bridges the East and the West.
The president said that the Chinese language might become a compulsory language in UAE schools in the future, and some schools in Dubai and Abu Dhabi already have Mandarin as a language of choice in the curriculum.
Bastaki is a telecommunication professor who is fluent in five languages. He said whilst economic and trade relations between China and the UAE are booming, it is essential to enhance cultural and people-to-people exchanges between the two countries, which forged diplomatic relations 30 years ago.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
General Director of "Hanban" and Chief Executive of the "Confucius Institute" Headquarters in China Xu Lin has been awarded the title "Doctor Honoris Causa" of the University of Bucharest in Romania.
The university honored Xu for her contributions in the field of education and her efforts and achievements in promoting Chinese language and culture, as head of Confucius Institutes.
As a leader of the institution which manages all the "Confucius Institutes" around the world, Xu has contributed to the establishment of four Institutes and two Confucius classrooms in Romania.
"Hanban" sends teachers of Chinese language to schools and universities in Romania, and offers scholarships for students.
The "Confucius Institute" at the University of Bucharest opened almost one year ago. It is a continuation of the previous department for Chinese language and culture studies, which has been functioning at the University of Bucharest since 1956.
Over the decades, many students were able to study in China and many books about Chinese culture and philosophy were translated into Romanian language.
You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Yun Feng in Beijing.
China's Supreme People's Court has rejected the appeal of Qihoo 360 on Tencent's market monopoly, ending the two Chinese Internet giants' three-year legal fight.
The Supreme Court's final judgment maintained the original sentence that Tencent did not create a monopoly and all of Qihoo 360's appeals have been rejected.
Qihoo 360 was also ordered to pay 790,000 yuan, almost 130,000 U.S. dollars, to Tencent in legal fees according to the first court decision made by the Guangdong Provincial Higher People's Court in March last year.
The Supreme Court said "current evidence is not sufficient to prove Tencent's dominance of the market", though it admitted the company has taken up more than 80 percent of the market shares both in the PC-based and mobile instant messaging service markets.
Tencent has more than 1 billion registered users for QQ, the most popular online chatting tool in China, while Qihoo 360, a leading anti-virus software provider, has over 300 million clients.
The legal battle started in October, 2011, when Qihoo 360 sued Tencent for hindering market competition and abusing its market position. It also asked for 150 million yuan in compensation from Tencent.
The trial lasted for almost a year after the Guangdong provincial higher court began trials in April 2012.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
The First Silk Road International Film Festival has been held in China, in the northwestern city of Xi'an.
The six-day event is China's third international film festival, following Beijing and Shanghai.
A total of 147 foreign and domestic films were screened in Xi'an, the eastern end of the ancient trade route, the Silk Road.
Industrial forums, film concerts and other activities were held during the festival.
You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Yun Feng in Beijing.
The Argentinian ambassador in the UK has made a formal complaint to the BBC about the recent behavior of "Top Gear" host Jeremy Clarkson.
Alicia Castro accused the host of the popular TV show, of provocative and insulting behavior during the filming of an episode in Argentina.
She alleged that Clarkson had evoked memories of the 1982 Falklands war during filming, by driving a car with the number plate 'H982 FKL'.
Clarkson said the number plate was a coincidence. She also accused him of insulting the government and the people.
The BBC said it had received the complaint and would apply its usual processes.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
A Chongqing man attempted suicide last week after mistaking his sore throat for cancer.
Police saved the 45-year-old man surnamed Zhou in a dramatic rescue after local residents spotted him sitting atop a bridge over the Fujiang River on Saturday.
Zhou had tossed his cigarette and prepared to jump when police officers grabbed his belt through a gap in the guard railing.
Zhou later explained that he had diagnosed himself after a relative of his neighbor died from esophageal cancer a few days earlier and Zhou felt he was showing the same symptoms.
Zhou was later taken to a hospital with his wife, where his was diagnosed with pharyngitis, an inflammation that is often the common cause of a sore throat.
That is the end of this edition of NEWS Plus Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
That is the end of today's program. I'm Yun Feng in Beijing. Hope you can join us every day at CRI NEWS Plus Radio, to learn English and learn about the world.



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