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2014-11-03 NEWS Plus Special English
   2014-11-04 14:24:32    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Han




This is NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. Here is the news.
China has launched an experimental spacecraft to fly around the moon and back to Earth in preparation for the country's first unmanned return trip to the lunar surface.
The eight-day program is a test run for a 2017 mission that aims to have a Chinese spacecraft land on the moon, retrieve samples and return to Earth. That would make burgeoning space power China only the third country after the United States and Russia to have carried out such a mission.
China's lunar exploration program has already launched a pair of orbiting lunar probes, and landed a craft on the moon last year with a rover onboard. None of those missions were programmed to return to Earth.
The latest mission is to obtain experimental data and validate re-entry technologies such as guidance, navigation and control, heat shield and trajectory design for the future moon-lander christened Chang'e 5. China's lunar exploration program is named Chang'e after a mythical goddess.

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China's south-to-north water diversion project will effectively improve Beijing's eco-environment, with water flowing to the capital later this month connecting five major river systems.
The middle route of the transfer project will see a massive 10 billion cubic meters of water per year pumped through canals and pipes from a reservoir in central Hubei Province to northern China and Beijing.
The project connects the major rivers in Beijing with a section of the Grand Canal in the city, allowing water to flow to lakes and rivers in the capital city.
Beijing has more than 400 rivers with a wetland area of at least 10 square kilometers each, but such water sources have dwindled following decades of economic development.
Experts say that over exploitation of underground water has exacerbated the city's environmental woes.
With the diversion project, Beijing's water system, particularly rivers with historical significance and cultural value, will be partly restored.
The ambitious project was conceived by Chinese leaders in the early 1950s. It was approved by the State Council, China's Cabinet, in 2002, after debate lasting almost half a century.

You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
The Forbidden City in Beijing has started the sale of one-year passes to better its service.
It is the first time the Forbidden City, also known as the Palace Museum, has issued annual passes.
An ordinary pass is priced at 300 yuan, roughly 50 U.S. dollars, while passes catering to special groups including senior citizens and students cost only half that price.
Pass holders will be eligible to visit the museum 10 times per year.
However, in order to ease the traffic in peak seasons, the passes cannot be used during the seven-day national holiday, beginning on October 1 each year.
Currently, a typical ticket costs 60 yuan.

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The flourishing international vocational education programs in southwestern China's Chengdu city are expected to provide strong support for local economic development.
Chengdu Industrial Vocational Technical College is one of the institutions in the city that has vocational education cooperation with their foreign counterparts from countries that include the UK, the United States, Germany and Singapore.
Seventy-five graduates from the college's IMI international education program received IMI international qualification certificates last month, enabling them to find a job at an international company.
The college in Chengdu had been working with Britain's Institute of Motor Industry and Central College Nottingham for ten years before it launched the IMI program in 2012.
Officials from the college say that the program brings in British courses and an evaluation system to cultivate professional auto mechanics to international standards. These mechanics will provide strong support for the development of high-tech industries in Chengdu.
Chengdu is the provincial capital of Sichuan and home to 260 Fortune Global 500 companies.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.

You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
Why do some people escape Ebola, and not others?
Specialists at the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention explain that Ebola spreads by contact with bodily fluids, such as through a break in the skin or someone with contaminated hands touching their eyes or nose.
Once inside the body, Ebola establishes a foothold by targeting the immune system's first line of defense, essentially disabling its alarms. The virus rapidly reproduces, infecting multiple kinds of cells before the immune system recognizes the threat and starts to fight back.
Only after enough virus is produced do symptoms appear, starting with fever, muscle pain, headache and sore throat, and only then is someone contagious.
It's not clear why Ebola runs a different course in different people. But how rapidly symptoms appear depends partly on how much a patient was initially exposed to the virus.
There is no specific treatment for Ebola but specialists say basic supportive care is crucial to give the body time to fight off the virus.
Survival can also depend on how rapidly someone gets care. It may also be affected by factors beyond anyone's control. Research suggests it partly depends on how the immune system reacts early on, whether too many white blood cells die before they can fight the virus and other factors. Other research has linked genetic immune factors to increased survival.

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Australian surgeons have made a major breakthrough by making a dead heart beat again and successfully used it in a transplant operation.
Surgeons currently rely on donor hearts from brain-dead patients whose hearts are still beating.
But doctors at Sydney's St. Vincent's Hospital say the successful surgery means that many more "dead hearts" could be used in transplants.
The hospital had recently successfully transplanted two hearts, which were donated after the hosts had died and the heart was no longer beating.
The first transplant patient was 57-year-old Michelle Gribilar, who was suffering from congenital heart failure and had surgery around two months ago. The patient said that before surgery, she had struggled to walk 100 meters, but now she can walk 3 kilometers every day.
The breakthrough involves a special preservation solution which works in conjunction with a machine which houses the donor heart, restores its heartbeat and keeps it warm until it is ready to go to a recipient.
The innovation means that thousands more hearts could become available for transplants.

You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
The only effective method to combat osteoporosis, or bone loss, is through preventative measures such as exercise and healthy eating. That's according to experts from Vienna, Austria, ahead of the 13th Vienna Osteoporosis Day on October 30.
These measures help maintain strong bone mass; and particularly, when undertaken at an early age, help to prevent bone fractures in old age.
Bone-loss primarily affects older women but is also found among older men and younger people. Maximum bone mass is built by the age of 30, after which, regular exercise is needed in order to maintain the condition of the bones.
Exercise also helps those who already suffer from bone-loss, as part of their therapy, but only in combination with a proper calcium-rich diet.
Doctors warn that being on a diet with excessive efforts are made to keep slim, or eating too much fast food removes calcium from bones, which hinders physical health, particularly of young people.
An adequate amount of Vitamin D is also important to prevent bone loss.

This is NEWS Plus Special English.
You're listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. You can access our program by logging onto NEWSPlusRadio.cn. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. If you have any comments or suggestions, please let us know by e-mailing us at mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. That's mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. Now the news continues.
As people around the globe try to work out what China will bring to the world, they may also want to pay attention to what Chinese people call President Xi Jinping, the top party leader and military chief. Or perhaps that should be Xi Dada, or, literally, Xi Bigbig.
The phrase translates as Uncle Xi, or even Daddy Xi, in some local dialects. This is how many ordinary Chinese people, especially the young and web users, as well as some state media outlets refer to the president.
While it's not entirely clear where and when this began, saying "Xi Dada" on the street and everyone knows whom you're referring to.
President Xi is said to like it. He was referring to as Xi Dada no fewer than 23 times, in a recent article in the People's Daily, the Communist Party's mouthpiece, on its Weixin online outlet.

This is NEWS Plus Special English.
Chinese archaeologists have discovered more than 40 rock paintings in northwestern Gansu Province that may shed light on nomadic lives thousands of years ago.
Found in a valley near Jinchang city, the paintings depict human faces, animals and hunting scenes. They were carved on smooth cliffs and are well-preserved.
Researchers say the majority of the paintings were created between 2-and-3,000 years ago, similar to the 200 rock paintings discovered in the city in the 1990s.
Gansu was home to many ancient nomadic settlements in early Chinese history. The murals provide important clues to the studies on their lives.

You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
A vintage Apple computer that was one of only 50 made in Steve Jobs' garage in 1976 sold for 905,000 dollars at an auction recently. The price far exceeded pre-sale estimates and outdid a previous high price of more than 670,000 dollars paid in Germany last year.
The computer has an intact motherboard, a vintage keyboard and monitor, a power supply contained in a wooden box, and two tape decks. It had been estimated to sell for around 400,000 dollars.
The auction house said it is thrilled to have broken the world record for its sale, and is even more thrilled that it will go to a new home at the Henry Ford Museum.
An Apple-1 computer sold last year in Cologne, Germany, for more than 670,400 dollars.

This is NEWS Plus Special English.
A brown bear believed to have been the oldest in the world has died in Russia at the age of 35.
The bear was a star attraction at a zoo in Russia's northern capital of St. Petersburg. The female bear, "Varvara", was born in the zoo in 1979.
Thirty-five years old is considered a record for a brown bear.
Animals live longer in zoos where they are exposed to no dangers, and enjoy good living and healthcare conditions.
The medium life span for brown bears in the wild is 15 to 20 years. No other bear of Varvara's age is known to exist in captivity anywhere else in the world.
That is the end of this edition of NEWS Plus Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
That is the end of today's program. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. Hope you can join us every day at CRI NEWS Plus Radio, to learn English and learn about the world.



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