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2014-11-10 NEWS Plus Special English
   2014-11-12 15:56:40    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Han




This is NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. Here is the news.
China says it is confident, capable and ready to battle a domestic Ebola outbreak as it strengthens preventative measures.
China's health authorities said at a press conference that a national joint prevention and control mechanism can help China contain the disease in a timely manner in the event of an outbreak.
China has not reported any confirmed cases of the virus, but experts say risks exist with the rise in international travel between China and African countries. There have also been no confirmed Ebola cases in Chinese citizens living and working abroad or in Chinese medical workers helping to combat the disease in Africa.
China has devised contingency plans to give timely and effective treatment to Chinese citizens once there is a confirmed case abroad, including transferring patients back home if necessary.
Since the Ebola outbreak began, the Chinese government has taken the lead in responding to the appeals of the affected countries and the World Health Organization.
Starting from April this year, China has delivered three rounds of emergency relief materials to the affected countries. The fourth round is currently under way.
In addition to providing funds, food, and disease prevention material, China has also set up laboratories and holding centers and sent expert groups and medical teams to the affected countries.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
Authorities of China's lunar probe program have called for a thorough analysis of data collected from the test lunar orbiter and speed up work on Chang'e-5, the star of the 2017 lunar mission.
With the test lunar orbiter returning a few days ago after an eight-day flight, China joined the Soviet Union and the United States to become only the third nation to realize a return mission to the Moon.
The authorities say that the mission was realized with stable flight and precision in launch timing, orbit entry and recovery; and all pre-set goals were achieved.
The mission marked a "breakthrough" and has heightened understanding of high-velocity re-entry mechanisms, development of new materials and innovative space equipment design.
Chang'e-5 will collect samples from the lunar surface in a mission planned for 2017.
You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
China has designated December 4 as national Constitution Day amid efforts to enhance the document's implementation and advance the rule of law.
Nationwide activities to promote the Constitution will be held on the day.
China's top legislature adopted the Constitution on December 4, 1982, based on a previous version enacted in 1954.
Constitution Day is set to enhance social awareness of the Constitution, promote its spirit, and strengthen its implementation.
China says fully implementing the Constitution is the top priority for advancing the rule of law and building a country under "the socialist rule of law".
No organization or individual shall have the privilege of being placed above the Constitution. All activities that violate the Constitution must be reprimanded and rectified.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
China's Internet regulators have warned mobile Internet operators not to seek profits by spreading harmful information.
The Cyberspace Administration of China says that previous cases of media reports hyping up bloody attacks on children or copycat suicides to earn click rates are believed to have incited malicious imitators.
Peng Bo, deputy director of the administration made the remarks at a recent conference on promoting the rule of law in mobile Internet regulation.
Peng says the Chinese government supports mobile Internet development, but he warned business operators not to spread information that violates the country's Constitution or content that undermines national security or social stability.
China is planning to draft or enact a series of laws and regulations related to cyberspace administration, including legislation regarding telecommunications, cyberspace security, e-commerce and personal information protection, as well as a regulation on minor protection in cyberspace.
China's web user population reached 630 million at the end of June, and mobile Internet users total almost 530 million.
You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
A senior Chinese lawmaker has warned of increasing mortality due to lung cancer caused by air pollution. Of all cancers, the lung cancer mortality rate has increased the fastest in recent years.
Lawmaker Yang Wei is director of the National Natural Science Foundation and Standing Committee member of the National People's Congress, China's top legislature. He says that lung cancer is the top killer for men and the second largest killer for women, partially caused by accumulation of air pollutants.
He says people had always talked about smoking less to keep healthy, but one of the primary reasons for lung cancer is polluted air.
He told lawmakers discussing a report on the enforcement of the Law on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution, which was submitted to the top legislature.
Many parts of China are frequently smog bound during the coal-burning period in winter. North China's meteorological and atmospheric conditions help pollutants accumulate. Ozone in the air helps particles to accumulate if no wind disperses them.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
Philanthropist Bill Gates says he wants to end malaria in his lifetime and will invest more money towards that goal, which is part of his broader fight against tropical diseases that are getting unusual public attention because of the Ebola epidemic.
The Microsoft co-founder said recently that his Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation will increase its malaria program budget by 30 percent, to more than 200 million dollars per year. That's on top of the foundation's other donations to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Gates' plan includes developing a drug or vaccine to purge the malaria parasite in people who carry it without showing symptoms, a "human reservoir" that helps spread the disease.
59-year-old Gates says he believes that malaria can be eradicated in his lifetime.
Gates spoke at the national meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. In all, his foundation will commit more than 500 million dollars this year to fighting malaria, pneumonia, diarrheal and parasitic diseases in poor countries.
You're listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. You can access our program by logging onto NEWSPlusRadio.cn. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. If you have any comments or suggestions, please let us know by e-mailing us at mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. That's mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. Now the news continues.
The newest tool for biologists is the baby penguin robotic spy.
It is so convincing that penguins essentially talk to it, as if it is a real penguin.
Emperor penguins are notoriously shy. When researchers approach, these penguins normally back away and their heart rate goes up. That's not what the scientists need when they want to check heart rate, health and other penguin parameters.
So international scientists and even filmmakers, led by Yvon Le Maho of the University of Strasbourg in France, created a remote control rover disguised as a penguin chick to snuggle up to shy penguins in Antarctica. Researchers watched from more than 650 feet away.
The first disguised version of the rover, made of fiberglass, wasn't convincing and scared the real penguins.
The researchers tried several other versions until they hit upon the right one. The new rover is covered in gray fur, and has black wings, a black-and-white painted face and black beak.
The penguins didn't scamper away and even sang to the robotic penguin "a very special song like a trumpet", according to researchers.
Le Maho explained why scientists want to use rovers: Researchers worry that just by coming close to penguins, some shy animals change their behavior, which can taint the results of the studies.
In the future, the researchers plan to use a more autonomous robot to spy on the emperor penguins. The idea is to use devices on the rover to read signals from radio tags on the birds.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
India has set fire to a stockpile of tiger skins, elephant tusks, rhino horns and other animal parts in an effort to discourage wildlife smuggling in South Asia.
Animal poaching and smuggling have flourished in India, driven by black market demand from China, Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries. Many believe that exotic animal parts have medicinal properties or can be used aphrodisiacs. But in most cases, there is no scientific evidence for this.
Officials from India's Environment Ministry loaded more than 42,000 illegal animal parts into a large, blazing oven at the Delhi Zoo. The parts included tiger and leopard pelts, reptile skins, rhino horns, and shawls made from an endangered Tibetan antelope called the shahtoosh.
The environment ministry says the move is an attempt to circumvent poaching and the trade of wildlife products. It says India's future development relies on the healthy development of wildlife and biodiversity.
Wildlife in India has been struggling with habitat loss due to human settlement expansion.
You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
Breastfeeding in public has been a taboo for many years in Greece, but now that is changing.
In celebration of the World Breastfeeding week, more than 50 cities in Greece participated in synchronized breastfeeding aimed to raise awareness among young mothers and Greek society as a whole.
In Athens, more than 600 mothers gathered at a hall in the downtown area, and breastfed their little ones, sharing the sensitive moment with the public.
Roula Lava is mother of a 6-month-old boy and an advocate of breastfeeding. She told Chinese journalists that breastfeeding is a life shield, highlighting the benefits of breastfeeding.
Breastfeeding is tied to better thinking and memory skills among children. It does not only benefit the baby, but the mother as well. Mothers, who breastfeed, reduce the risk of breast cancer and osteoporosis.
The World Breastfeeding Week is celebrated every year between August 1 and 7; but in Greece, it is celebrated between November 1 and 7.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
This year's Xingyun, or Nebula Award for Global Chinese Science Fiction has been announced, with the best saga novel prize awarded to a story about a world trapped in an endless loop.
"Ruins of Time", written by Baoshu from the Chinese mainland, tells of a world where everything, except the memories of some people, returns to a fixed point-in-time every 20 hours, as the result of a disastrous experiment that distorted time.
American Chinese writer Ken Liu won the special contribution prize for translating Chinese science fiction, including best-seller The Three-Body Problem, into English.
"Smart Life" by Ping Zongqi from Taiwan won the prize for the best short story.
More than 2,000 science-fiction writers and readers from China and abroad attended the event in Beijing. This year's event was held by Guokr.com, a website dedicated to popularizing science.
Though seen as an important way to popularize science and promote the imagination, science-fiction has yet to break into the mainstream in China.
The annual event, the only international awards for Chinese-language science-fiction writers, was organized by the World Chinese Science Fiction Association, which is based in Chengdu, capital of southwest China's Sichuan Province. It was launched in 2010.
That is the end of this edition of NEWS Plus Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
That is the end of today's program. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. Hope you can join us every day at CRI NEWS Plus Radio, to learn English and learn about the world.



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