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2014-12-08 NEWS Plus Special English
   2014-12-09 10:51:39    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Han





This is NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. Here is the news.
China will allocate more government funds for HIV and AIDS prevention, especially for targeted groups.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang made the remarks during a visit to HIV and AIDS sufferers in Beijing. He said government investment will continue to increase and will help the most vulnerable groups, particularly homosexuals, to prevent the disease from spreading.
Technologies that can prevent mothers from transmitting HIV to their children during pregnancy will be promoted across the country in the next year to reduce the number of sufferers among newborns.
Li made the remarks during a visit to Beijing's You An Hospital before World AIDS Day, which fell on December 1. The hospital is a facility for people with HIV and AIDS.
He said that government authorities should take the primary responsibility in the prevention and treatment of the disease, but the commitment of medical staff and volunteers in society is also required.
Li said that although the rise of HIV infections has been contained in the country, the situation in China remains complex and difficult.
Peng Liyuan, the wife of President Xi Jinping and a World Health Organization goodwill ambassador for tuberculosis and AIDS, attended the launch of an AIDS prevention event at Peking University to promote awareness of AIDS prevention among students.
Officials from the National Center for AIDS and STD Control and Prevention said the proportion of young HIV and AIDS sufferers almost doubled between 2008 and 2012, and sex between men is considered a major reason for the increase.
The number of reported HIV and AIDS cases in Beijing reached 18,600 by the end of October, and 74 percent of them were infected through sex.
Beijing reported almost 3,000 new patients in the first 10 months of the year, an increase of 21 percent compared with the same period last year.
The National Center for AIDS and STD Control and Prevention estimated last year that about 810,000 people with HIV and AIDS were living in China, many of them unaware of their status.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
The Ministry of Public Security has launched the first nationwide traffic management website.
Coinciding with the country's annual "Traffic Safety Day" that fell on December 2, the website "www.122.cn" will provide real time traffic data to the public, especially useful for private car users.
The website will base its data on the information collected and reported by the nation's 270,000 traffic policemen and video surveillance records to better guarantee traffic safety.
The public can instantly consult with traffic police online and learn about hot topics and events in traffic control.
The traffic department will make policy and enforcement adjustments in line with the suggestions submitted online.
The website also plays a role in road safety education, giving traffic knowledge lectures and safe travel tips to the public.
There was no national official traffic information inquiry website in the past. Previously, the only option was to log onto local websites or go to the city's transport administration to inquire on records, causing inconvenience for the public and loopholes for information tampering.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
The number of people who were approved to take the national civil service exam and the number who actually took it has dropped from previous years, and part of the reason may be the central government's continuing anti-corruption efforts.
Experts and insiders say that the annual exam is required for one to be hired by the central government and work as a civil servant. Millions of people take part every year, because being a civil servant is considered a decent and stable job that offers a good salary.
This year, the exam was held a few days ago. Although 22,000 positions were offered, which is 3,000 more than last year, only around 1.4 million people were qualified to take the exam, and 1 million actually took it.
The State Administration of Civil Service said that both figures are recent lows. Last year, 1.5 million people were approved to take the exam and more than 1 million took it to compete for 19,000 posts.
Liu Xutao, a professor who researches the exam at the China National School of Administration, said the drop has something to do with the central government's consistent efforts to fight corruption.
Liu explains that in the past, people liked to work as civil servants because they thought they could get a lot of "invisible welfare" through their posts.
As the anti-corruption campaign continues, the civil servant system has been managed more strictly; and government jobs lose their attraction to some people, especially to those who intended to achieve additional income and welfare through their posts.
Other experts added that the applicants are mostly students born in the 1990s and are graduating next year. These graduates received good employment guidance at college and have clearer occupational plans. They are therefore more realistic about the exam.
You are listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
Energized by new targets set by China and the United States, the world's top climate polluters, the United Nations global warming talks resumed with unusual optimism despite evidence that human-generated climate change is already happening and is bound to get worse.
Negotiators from more than 190 countries will meet in the Peruvian capital for two weeks to work on drafts for a global climate deal that is supposed to be adopted next year in Paris. Getting all countries aboard will be a crucial test for the U.N. talks, which over two decades have failed to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions blamed for global warming.
Pledges by Chinese President Xi Jinping and U.S. President Barack Obama recently to limit their emissions after 2020 sent a powerful signal that a global deal could be possible next year. The two countries, which produce about 40 percent of all global emissions, have long been adversaries in the U.N. climate talks.
Earlier this year, the European Union announced an emissions target for 2030, meaning the world's three biggest emitters have made pledges. The hope now is that other big polluters including India, Japan, Russia and Australia will set their goals.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
Chinese students studying in the UK are to be recruited by a government agency to help British companies enter the Chinese market.
Exports agency UK Trade and Investment has launched the Great Ambassadors China program under which Chinese-speaking students will liaise with companies in Britain, helping them to understand the language, culture and the way business operates in China.
The British agency selected China as the target market for its pilot project because of the 70,000 Chinese students currently studying in Britain, the largest demographic group of overseas students in the country.
Additionally, the growing Chinese market is expected to become the largest among all emerging markets for trade and investment.
Officials from the agency predict that China will invest almost 1.3 trillion U.S. dollars overseas over the coming 10 years.
The University of Sheffield in northern England has been chosen as the host institution for the pilot project because it has the largest Chinese student population in Britain, as well as one of the country's largest and best established East Asian Studies departments.
The project will provide a wide range of long-term career benefits for students as well as leaving a lasting impact on the businesses involved.
It gives Chinese-speaking students the unique opportunity to acquire valuable employable skills with innovative companies which are looking to develop and expand their trade links with China.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
A rare Siberian tiger released into the wild by Russian President Vladimir Putin is keeping farmers in northeastern China on edge.
The animal, named Ustin, attacked and killed 15 goats, and another three goats went missing from a farm in Heilongjiang province.
The farm's owner said he was stressed about the tiger, but he would be compensated by the local forestry department for the loss of the 18 goats.
Russian experts rescued five tiger cubs two years ago. Ustin was one of three released by Putin in May in a remote part of the Amur region, which straddles the border between far eastern Russia and northeastern China.
Two of the tigers entered China. They have been fitted with tracking devices and are being monitored by Chinese wildlife protection workers.
The other tiger to enter China, Kuzya, is believed to have raided a farm and eaten five chickens in another county last month.
The owner said he was alerted by a dog barking at night, but on checking he noticed nothing unusual. He said he awoke the following morning to find two goats were dead and three others were missing.
The farmer said the tiger returned the following night but made no noise. When he opened the goat house in the morning, dead goats were everywhere.
Local experts found tiger footprints around the goat house and on its roof. The farmer was asked to either relocate his goats or fortify his farm.
You're listening to NEWS Plus Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. You can access the program by logging onto NEWSPlusRadio.cn. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. If you have any comments or suggestions, please let us know by e-mailing us at mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. That's mansuyingyu@cri.com.cn. Now the news continues.
China's local family-planning departments have been urged to stop withdrawing allowances previously issued to one-child parents who later had another child.
The government has adjusted its family planning policy and allows more couples to have two children.
Under current family-planning policy, a couple with one child can receive an annual allowance until the child reaches 14 years of age.
The National Health and Family Planning Commission specified in a statement recently that couples having another child after their firstborn will no longer be eligible for the country's allowances for one-child families, but the fund they have already received need not be returned.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
Beijing has adopted anti-smoking legislation, vowing to ban smoking in all indoor public places, workplaces and public transport vehicles.
The draft regulation was passed by vote at a meeting of the Standing Committee of Beijing Municipal People's Congress. It is scheduled to become effective on June 1 next year.
According to the bill, smoking is also prohibited in open-air space in kindergartens, schools, child welfare institutions, women and children's hospitals, fitness and sports venues, and cultural relic protection sites that are open to the public.
Tobacco advertisements are not allowed to appear outdoors, in public places and on transport, as well as in media including radio, television, film, newspaper, books, and the internet. All forms of tobacco promotions and title sponsorship are banned.
Teachers are forbidden from smoking in front of students in primary and secondary schools. Schools are also required to help students quit smoking and educate them about the harm of smoking.
The regulation also prohibits selling cigarettes to minors through vending machines and internet.
This is NEWS Plus Special English.
Imagine how a nine-year-old child with potential brain cancer might feel when led into an MRI machine. Imagine the child's reaction as a series of loud bangs echo around as they sit with a white plastic tube just inches away from their face. They cannot sit up, cannot wiggle, cannot move at all, or it will compromise the integrity of the test.
This is a problem that David Mathieu, founder and owner of Bear Facts Entertainment, wanted to solve; and the result of his efforts, is a machine called Illuminations Motions, which has been on display at the 100th Radiological Society of North America's annual meeting at McCormick Place in Chicago, U.S.A.
The machine uses a projector to decorate the interior and exterior of any intimidating-looking hospital machine from any manufacturer imaginable. The projector lets children and adults choose an animated video that they think will relax or soothe them as they go through a nerve-racking procedure in an unfamiliar machine.
Choosing an animation is simple; an iPad or iPhone gives patients a choice of whether they want backgrounds for men, women, boys, or girls. Included are backgrounds including colorful bubbles, a large field of grass, or even a gigantic American flag.
And according to Mathieu, it works. Cancellation rates have been down 50 percent and sedation rates have been cut by 63 percent. He says that this is not just for the patients, but even the Chief Financial Officers have been saying how valuable the innovation is.
The machine is just four months old and has already been shown at multiple trade shows and installed in test sites. Mathieu emphasizes that it works with any machine and any manufacturer.
That is the end of this edition of NEWS Plus Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
That is the end of today's program. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. Hope you can join us every day at CRI NEWS Plus Radio, to learn English and learn about the world.



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