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【時政】南京!南京!(附各國公祭日盤點)
   2014-12-15 10:41:40    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Han


12月13日,首個南京大屠殺死難者國家公祭日。

祭奠,銘記,不為仇恨,只為真相。


Chinese President Xi Jinping on Saturday attended the state ceremony for China's first National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims.


The state ceremony for Nanjing Massacre victims is held to rouse all peace-loving people to yearn for and work towards peace rather than to incite hatred. Chinese and Japanese people should keep their friendship from generation to generation, learn from history and look forward to a future where they can contribute towards peace for all mankind.


我們為南京大屠殺死難者舉行公祭儀式,是要喚起每一個善良的人們對和平的嚮往和堅守,而不是要延續仇恨。中日兩國人民應該世代友好下去,以史為鑒、面向未來,共同為人類和平作出貢獻。


History will not tolerate anyone who wants to deny the fact of the Nanjing Massacre, nor will the 300,000 Nanjing Massacre victims, the 1.3 billion Chinese people, and all the peace-loving people in the world.


任何人要否認南京大屠殺慘案這一事實,歷史不會答應,30萬無辜死難者的亡靈不會答應,13億中國人民不會答應,世界上一切愛好和平與正義的人民都不會答應。


Today's China has become a strong nation that is able to protect its citizens' peaceful life, and the days have long gone when the Chinese were trampled and suffered abuse from outside. The Chinese people are in high spirits and vigorously following the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and are striving to realize the two hundred-year goals and the Chinese dream of rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. China's development prospects are bright.


今天的中國,已經成為一個擁有保衛人民和平生活堅強能力的偉大國家,中華民族任人宰割、飽受欺淩的時代已經一去不復返了,中國人民正在意氣風發地沿著中國特色社會主義道路,為實現“兩個一百年”奮鬥目標、實現中華民族偉大復興的中國夢而奮鬥。中華民族的發展前景無比光明。



On Feb 27, 2014, China's top legislature approved two new national days, namely the Victory Day of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims, to commemorate Nanjing Massacre victims and all those killed during Japanese aggression against China.


Victory Day: Sept 3 - the day after Japan officially surrendered in 1945


National Memorial Day: Dec 13 – the day Japan occupied Nanjing in 1937 and began a six-week massacre


國家公祭日
國家公祭日是一國為了紀念曾經發生過的重大民族災難而設立的國家祭日。二戰後,主要參站國政府紛紛設立國家級哀悼日,以國家公祭的形式來祭奠在戰爭中死難的國民,增強現代人對國家遭受戰爭災難歷史的歷史,目前已成為國際慣例。


Almost all countries have experienced wars and have lost citizens in those conflicts. And many countries have a day set aside to pay tribute to the dead. It serves to help people to not forget their history and also is a solemn reminder of the scourges of war.


Let's explore how countries across the world observe their memorial days.

Worldwide

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

Jan. 27


International Holocaust Remembrance Day is an international memorial day for the victims of the Holocaust. The Holocaust is the genocide that resulted in the systematic annihilation of six million European Jews and the murders of millions of others by the Nazi regime.


USA

National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day (Or Pearl Harbor Day)

Dec 7


National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day is to remember and honor all those who died in the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.


It is a tradition to fly the flag of the United States at half-staff until sunset in honor of dead patriots. Some organizations hold special events in memory of those killed or injured at Pearl Harbor.


Israel

Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day)

27 Nisan (April/May)


It is observed as Israel's day of commemoration for the approximately six million Jews killed by Nazi Germany and its allies during the Holocaust and to honor those involved in the Jewish resistance in that period.


On Yom HaShoah, ceremonies and services are held at schools, military bases and by other public and community organizations. On the eve of Yom HaShoah and the day itself, places of public entertainment are closed by law. Israeli television airs Holocaust documentaries and Holocaust-related talk shows, and low-key songs are played on the radio. Flags on public buildings are flown at half mast.


Russia

Victory Day

May 9


It marks the capitulation of Nazi Germany to the Soviet Union in the Second World War (also known as the Great Patriotic War in the Soviet Union). The Victory Day parade, the annual Red Square military parade, is held to commemorate the defeat of Nazi Germany.


(sources:國際在線、China Daily)


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