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[雙語] 足以橫跨整個美國的高速公路

2010-03-23 15:37:08  來源:國際在線綜合  編輯:陸熙堯   

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  Highways are constructed in China at a rate exceeding 4,000 kilometers a year, long enough to span the entire United States. In the mid-1990’s, 17% of the world’s construction cranes can be found in Shanghai. Sharply falling property prices notwithstanding, welders can be seen laboring on high rise structures at midnight, like stars in the sky. More office space was built in Shanghai in five years than fast-growing Hong Kong managed in fifty. In 2002 Shanghai planners abruptly restricted building heights, because they found the city sinking under the weight of real estate. The four-lane highway between Shanghai and Nanjing, empty when newly built and criticized for being a waste of money, became so congested and earned so much in tolls that five years later work was begun to double its capacity. Because tolls are charged according to the size of trucks, overloading became so severe that some roads constructed according to world-class standards are damaged in no time. Congestion occurs at each and every seaport in the country. In 2005, the world’s longest and the second longest sea crossing bridges were under construction at the same time and in the same area.

  今天在中國,高速公路每年建造四千多公里,足以橫跨整個美國。九十年代中、後期,世界百分之十七的建築起重機集中于上海。那時樓價急跌,但午夜還可見到鎔焊工人在高高的鋼架上操作,彷彿天上的星星。上海在五年間建成的商業樓宇面積,比發展得快的香港的五十年還要多。二○○二年,上海的策劃者突然大幅減低樓宇建築的容積率,因為發覺高樓大廈的重量使該市下沉。從南京到上海的四線公路,啟用時因為車輛稀少而被批評浪費,但五年後交通堵塞,進帳可觀,要擴寬為八線了。因為車輛按大小收費,載貨超重嚴重,世界級的公路很快就被壓壞了。整個國家的所有港口都要排隊落貨。二○○五年,地球最長與次長的跨海大橋同時建造,而且是在同一地區。

(文字內容由中信出版社獨家提供,未經允許,請勿轉載)

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